Cézanne (1839-1906) was a French painter and considered the father of Modern Art. He was a direct inspiration and bridge to the Fauve, Cubist, German Expressionist, Russian Suprematist and Constructivist movements.
He started with painting with the Impressionists, and exhibited twice with them, but he believed he had to solve some problems in painting representation. He didn’t want his paintings to look like blotches and messes. He decided the solution was to bring form into his pictures and solidify his objects. He believed most things are in geometrical forms such as cylinders, spheres and cubes. He spent all his life trying different approaches to working these issues.
E. H. Gombrich writes in The Story of Art, “He withdrew to his native town of Aix-en-Provence, where he studied the problems of his art, undisturbed by the clamour of the critics. He was a man of independent means and regular habits, and was not dependent on finding buyers for his pictures. Thus he could dedicate his whole life to the solution of the artistic problems he had set himself, and could apply the most exacting standards to his own work”
He is best known for painting Mont Sainte-Victoire more than sixty times between 1870 and 1906.