painting With The Girls 85
March 25, 2016.
Day 85 (281 days to go)
Why is there another letter A? I got excited! Sorry!
Edouard Manet (1832-1883) was a French painter who is grouped sometimes with the Impressionism movement. He rejected Realism and Romanticism, and even though the great masters such as Titian and Raphael inspired some of his paintings, he is perhaps better described as the bridge between Realism and Impressionism.
His main innovation was the idea of how to paint.
E. H Gombrich writes in The Story Of Art, and explains, “The art students were trained from the beginning to based their pictures on the interplay between light and shade… The public had become accustomed to seeing things represented in this manner that they had forgotten that in the open air we do not usually perceive such even graduations from dark to light…it may be said therefore, that Manet and his followers brought about revolution in the rendering of colors… They discovered that if you look at nature in the open we do not see individual objects each with its own color but rather a bright medley of tints which blend in your eye or really in your mind.”
Furthermore, Manet did not use the traditional methods of layering painting. He painted from life and he wanted to paint a model or a landscape in one sitting. He chose a color for each area and never came back with more layers or even a finishing touch of glaze. That made his paintings look flat but at the same time closer to the viewer.
He met with other painters and writers at the bohemian Café Guerbois in Montmartre. Even though Edouard Manet was never considered an Impressionistic painter in technique, he was regarded as the inspiration and spiritual leader for the Impressionist movement and their uprising against the Salon.
He organized them and helped them with their first exhibit away from the traditional Salon.
By 1874, the artists we know today as Impressionists, Monet, Degas, Pissarro, Sisley, Morisot and Renoir, could not wait any longer for the Salon to accept their work. They had all experienced rejection by the jury in recent years and felt they could not afford another year between exhibitions with no financial prospects. The artists collectively rented a studio for their own exhibit and set a date for their first show called Anonymous Society of Painters, Sculptors and Printmakers.
Edouard Manet’s most rejected paintings, Olympia and The Luncheon on the Grass, both at the Museé d’Orsay in Paris today.